Skin birthmarks that are present either at birth or appear soon after birth are generally termed as “birthmarks”. These blemishes may be red or brown in colour, and they represent an overgrowth of superficial blood vessels underneath the skin. The treatment of these birthmarks depends on the type of lesion, and there are several to be noted.
Port wine stain
These are flat red marks which are present at birth, and these will do not disappear ever. These birthmarks could be disfiguring hence they could be life-long problems which have the potential to thicken and become more unsightly as the age goes by. We at Renew Skin And Health Clinic in Leamington Spa, been using Pulsed Dye laser therapy to fade these blemishes away and in many cases, we successfully remove these birthmarks in young children before they even start school. The DEKA VasQ pulsed dye laser is the treatment of choice for these skin blemishes or birthmarks.
Young children can be treated at local Children’s Hospital if they have these facilities. However, in such cases, you need to seek the help of your GP who can then refer your child appropriately.
Adults who have missed out the opportunity to remove these blemishes, they should be now delighted to know that we have the right light laser technology (DEKA RightLightTM Technology: The Perfect Synergy of Laser and Light).
Haemangiomas (Strawberry birthmarks)
These are flat red coloured blemishes that are not present at birth, but they typically appear in the first weeks of life.
These birthmarks often grow and thicken up rapidly and, in extreme circumstances, they may even ulcerate if they are over the pressure points. This type of haemangioma will usually disappear with time when the child is ten years of age or so but may cause developmental and social or psychological issues.
Again, DEKA VasQ™ pulsed dye laser is the treatment of choice to arrest the growth and thickening of these strawberry hemangioma birthmarks. Laser Treatment is successful on flat lesions, hence an early diagnosis and intervention of these haemangiomas is key to success.
These small red spots, which are otherwise completely harmless, often appear in young children as well as in adults. In children, they can lead to teasing at school. They are caused by the dilation of a small arteriole close to the skin. Fortunately, these blemishes respond very well to our laser treatment with DEKA pulsed dye laser and usually only a single laser treatment is all that is required.
These blemishes generally need a skin expert to pinpoint the diagnosis. Like vascular (red) birthmarks, some of them are present from birth while others appear in the later part of life. They are not vascular in origin hence, they are not suitable to be treated with vascular lasers. Brown birthmarks are caused by a proliferation of melanocyte cells or there is an increase in melanin production in the affected area giving rise to brown birth marks. These birthmarks are treated at Renew Skin And Health Clinic with Q-Switched Laser or Alexandrite laser. Café au lait spots are generally hard to treat.
Naevus of Ota, naevus of Ito and Hori’s naevus usually respond well to Q-switched laser and Alexandrite laser and we have both such laser technologies at Renew Skin and Health Clinic. Becker’s naevus, unfortunately, difficult to treat as it only responds to laser treatment in a few cases hence a treatment test patch is justified.
At Renew Skin And Health Clinic, most such birthmarks are subjected to a test treatment to establish responsiveness of the treatment before proceeding to full laser treatment. In most cases, multiple laser treatments sessions are required with a gap of 6-8 weeks between the treatments. Interestingly these laser treatments are not painful and often loosely described as a flick of a rubber band on the skin.