Epidermal Nevus

If you have any questions or interested to discuss your case with our specialist, please call or WhatsApp: +44 1926 422 454

What is an Epidermal Nevus?

An epidermal nevus is a benign overgrowth of the upper layer of the skin called the epidermis hence its name “Epidermal Nevus”. This presents as a patch, nodule, or a plaque that may be present on both sides of the body. Epidermal nevi are estimated to occur in 1 to 3 in 1,000 people. In around half of the patients, the nevus is present at birth while in others, it mostly develops during the first year of life.

Roughly one third of people with epidermal nevi also have a condition involving other organ systems, and this condition is referred to as epidermal nevus syndrome (ENS)

The cause of epidermal nevus is thought to be a genetic abnormality, meaning that a gene either coming from the mother or the father is abnormal. This can give rise to different types of abnormal cells, on the basis of which the types of epidermal nevus are identified.

Some of the types of epidermal nevi include:

  • Linear epidermal naevus
  • Epidermolytic epidermal nevus
  • Acantholytic epidermal nevus (Hailey-Hailey or Darier disease-like)
  • Linear porokeratosis
  • Systematized epidermal nevi

Most epidermal nevi do not cause any serious issues, and remain unchanged throughout adulthood. The main problem they cause are cosmetic, especially if they arise on areas of the skin that are routinely exposed such as the hands and the face. In these cases, it may be advised to seek treatment.

Treatment options for epidermal nevus can be divided into medical and surgical treatment, with the latter being the gold standard treatment. Medical treatment options include corticosteroid therapy and the use of vitamin A derivatives. These can be used both topically or via oral formulations. However, the effectiveness of medical therapy for epidermal nevi is doubtful.

Surgical treatment options have been shown to be more effective. Some of the options include shave excision, and laser vaporisation. Shave excision is a procedure performed by an experienced plastic surgeon. It is a fast and fairly reliable method for small to medium sized lesions, and this involves peeling off the unwanted, unsightly raised lesions under local anesthesia. Laser vaporisation involves the use of carbon dioxide lasers to remove the lesion and have been noted to be safer and effective especially in small lesions.

Some noteworthy points regarding the treatment of epidermal nevi is that recurrence is fairly common regardless of the type of treatment opted for. Other complications that can arise with surgical treatment include pigmentary abnormalities of the treated area, which may be either hypopigmentation or hyperpigmentation. In addition, if the epidermal nevus involves a joint surface, the healing can be delayed and a joint contracture can form which can lead to a limitation of joint functions. This is especially noted in small digital joints of hands and feet.

For more information, or for sharing your case with us, please connect with our expert doctors via our business WhatsApp at +441926 422 454. Alternatively, you can fill the following form and a member of our team will reach out to you.

For the peace of your mind we confirm that all these surgical conditions at Renew Skin and Health Clinic, are operated by highly experienced & accredited plastic surgeons who are on GMC’s specialist register..

Disclaimer: Epidermal Nevus treatment varies from person to person.

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How Renew Clinic can help you?

Renew Skin and Health Clinic is especially necessary to the public since very few other medical institutions in the country treat these rather delicate medical issues. We emphasize not only the effectiveness of the medical treatment we offer but also the importance of comfort and the general wellbeing of the patient.

We always take great care to offer treatments that offer the best results. Our trained and certified medical staff are prepared to provide proper medical treatment and to address various skin blemishes you may have.

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If you have any questions or interested to discuss your case with our specialist, please call or WhatsApp: +44 1926 422 454

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