Angiokeratoma is a common skin condition which affects various parts of the body. They are small 2 to 5 mm spots which are red, black or variations of these two colours, also presenting a rough or rather scaly appearance.
What most people don’t know is that angiokeratomas are actually dilated cutaneous capillaries which can easily bleed if scratched or harmed. In general, angiokeratomas appearing on the scrotum or the vulva are wrongly mistaken for STI’s (Sexually Transmitted Infection). These genital skin bumps are harmless and painless, asymptomatic and most definitely not contagious or related personal hygiene. Our Renew Skin and Health Clinic offers competent dermatologists who can help anyone treat their angiokeratomas.
There are five main types of angiokeratomas, each behaving differently from the other. The first, sporadic angiokeratomas develop around the age of 40 and are specific to the lower extremities of the body. Angiokeratomas of Mibelli, also known as AKM or telangiectatic warts, are fairly rare and tend to appear on the knees, elbows and on the back of the hands in children and young adults. Angiokeratoma circumscriptum represents a small cluster of lesions which are actually a vascular malformation, that tend to change size and colour over time. The angiokeratoma corporis diffusum aka Fabry syndrome is yet another rare form, being caused by an enzyme deficiency which is genetically inherited, it develops on the lower part of the torso and the groin. This is more specific for males and presents symptoms such as fever and pain in the hands and feet. It is of the utmost importance that this form of angiokeratoma is treated, because it can lead to kidney and heart failure, arthritis, colitis and other health issues. Finally we have the angiokeratoma of Fordyce which is not the same as Fordyce Spots, being the most common and developing in males and females as well, on the genital area (scrotum and vulva). This type of genital angiokeratoma is specific to people over the age of 40.
The causes of angiokeratomas are yet not very well known, excepting the Fabry Syndrome but there are various ways to diagnose this unaesthetic skin condition. The Renew Skin and Health Clinic doctor specialist will perform initially a clinical exam or a dermoscopy examination of the affected area. If our experts are not convinced by the results a skin biopsy may be performed to confirm the initial diagnosis and rule out other similar conditions, that in rare situations may be malignant, such as melanomas. In the case of Fabry’s Syndrome is suspected, further testing will be performed, including urinalysis and other laboratory tests.
If you wish to schedule an appointment with one of our Renew Skin and Health Clinic specialists or have any further questions contact our Head Office. We warmly invite you to benefit from our excellent private treatments for angiokeratoma removal and rid yourself of this unaesthetic skin condition.